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Biden's 'Buy American' order may face tough challenges

The "Buy American" order signed by U.S. President Joe Biden on Monday to strengthen domestic manufacturing may not be an easy move.

The Democratic president signed an executive order aimed at closing loopholes in existing "Buy American" provisions, which apply to about a third of the $600 billion in goods and services the federal government buys each year. The order will make any waivers more transparent and create a senior White House role to oversee the process.

"I don't buy for one second that the vitality of American manufacturing is a thing of the past," Biden told reporters before signing the order. "American manufacturing was the arsenal of democracy in World War II and it must be part of the engine of American prosperity now."

Biden reiterated plans announced on the campaign trail to replace the fleet of federal cars with U.S.-made electric vehicles.

Boosting U.S. manufacturing has proven a vexing challenge for previous administrations, including that of former President Donald Trump.

"America can't sit on the sidelines in the race to the future. Our competitors aren't waiting," Biden said. "To ensure the future is made in America, we need to win not just the jobs of today, but the jobs and industries of tomorrow."

Manufacturers have been attracted by China and other countries in recent decades. This exodus has resulted in critical gaps that have been laid bare during the COVID-19 pandemic, such as the making of medical equipment.

China overtook the United States as the world's top manufacturer in 2010, and was responsible for 28 percent of global output in 2018, according to United Nations data.

Tough challenge

Major U.S. retailers, including Walmart Inc., have launched high-profile "Made in America" campaigns, only to court foreign manufacturers afterward.

Rebuilding supply chains and developing new ones is key to U.S. economic growth, trade experts say.

The U.S. trade deficit surged to $68 billion in November, its highest level in 14 years, as businesses filled shelves with foreign goods and supplied domestic factories reliant on foreign parts, offsetting a rise in exports.

Biden's order directs federal agencies to reevaluate the threshold used to determine U.S. content, to prevent companies that sell to the government from importing largely foreign-made goods and selling them as U.S.-made after making minor tweaks.

New percentages for required U.S. content will be determined as a result of the process to be launched on Monday, officials said.

Canada, the second-largest U.S. trading partner after China, is worried Canadian companies and workers could bear the pain if trading relations between the neighboring countries deteriorate.

"We are always concerned by 'Buy American' ... for sure that is going to be an issue very, very high on our agenda in our work with the Biden administration," Canadian Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland told reporters in Ottawa.

Asked if the order would be seen as protectionist, a Biden administration official said Sunday night that it would be fully consistent with U.S. commitments under the World Trade Organization, and Washington would work with trade partners to modernize global rules.
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DownTheStreet · 51-55, M
Window dressing
MrBrownstone · 41-45, M
Glad he wants to make America great
DeWayfarer · 61-69, M
Could be, and will be done are sadly two different things.

As long as the U.S focus is on entertainment and leisure rather than actual manufacturing and technological manufacturing this economy is in for a ruff ride.

This change of focus could happen. Will it is very doubtful. There's just too much self interest... eg entertainment, fashion, celebrities and making the quick buck! 😔

You just can't make products that way.

 
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